Human Trafficking
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What are the three primary areas of Human Trafficking in the State of California

In the United States and California, human trafficking is defined as the illegal exploitation of a person. Anyone can become a victim of human trafficking, as it can happen in any community within the country, including suburbs, cities, and rural areas. 

Human trafficking is a crime defined as modern-day slavery that looks to exploit our society's most defenseless and vulnerable members. In the U.S, both citizens and foreigners are often bought and sold to do all kinds of labor. Typically, traffickers use manipulation (such as false promises of great jobs and romantic relationships) and violence to exploit their victims. Often, the victims of human trafficking are made to work as sex slaves or in positions at low-paying or no-paying jobs that exploit them.

What Is Defined As Human Trafficking In California? 
The crime of “human trafficking” in the state of California is defined under Penal Code 236.1 as: 
  • Stripping someone of their freedom and personal liberty to make them do forced labor or to obtain services from them
  • It is depriving someone of their personal freedom in an attempt to violate California’s laws against pimping and pandering, child pornography, extortion, blackmail, or other laws that deal with commercial sex activities or the sexual exploitation of children. 
  • Attempting or trying to persuade a minor to be a part of a commercial sex act with the intention to violate one or more of the laws mentioned above. 

Along with being persecuted in California, human trafficking crimes are also investigated by the FBI under their Crimes Against Children and Human Trafficking program. 

Examples of Human Trafficking 

When it comes to human trafficking, there are three main types that occur in most scenarios. They include: 

  • Sex trafficking - This is when an individual is made to engage in commercial sex acts either by fraud, coercion, or force. Sex trafficking of minors occurs whenever the case involves a victim that’s below the age of 18, and in such instances proving the use of coercion, fraud or force is not required. An example of sex trafficking is when a pimp has a number of underage prostitutes that work for him, and he has confiscated most of their belongings as well as a large portion of their earnings. In most cases, the pimp also threatens the workers with violence if they ever stop working for him. 
  • Labor trafficking - In these instances, individuals are made to perform labor or service by the use of force, fraud, or threats. An example would be the owner of a factory having illegal immigrants as workers and providing them only with a place to stay but no wages. In those cases, the victims are often threatened that they will be reported to immigration services if they refuse to work. 
  • Domestic servitude - In this case, individuals may appear to work as nannies or cleaners in a household, but in reality, domestic workers are being exploited and controlled. An example here would be a wealthy family hiring an illegal immigrant to do household work and then confiscating her passport and not allowing her to leave the house or threatening her with violence if she tries. 

Regardless of the classification of the offense, it is important that you seek the assistance of competent legal counsel to help you best understand your legal defense while identifying an outcome that best minimizes your risk. We here at the H Law group patiently await your call.

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